Root Canal Therapy


Root Canal Therapy is a form of treatment used when infection or decay affects the nerve of the tooth. The aim of this therapy is to provide a procedure whereby the pulp, bacteria, nerve and the decayed part of the teeth are removed. After the removal of these parts, the space left is filled with some medicated dental materials and thus making the tooth return to its original function.
Root Canal Therapy can save a tooth that would otherwise have been removed because of infection, decay or nervous issues. Removing or pulling a tooth that has been a problem for an individual may not be the best option although instinctively this is what most people think. When removal is done, it poses problems to surrounding teeth and not to mention it is a very costly procedure.
Root canal treatment has had a higher percentage of success and it last for a longer time.

Signs and symptoms for possible root canal therapy:
  • Severe toothache
  • Presence of a pimple or abscess on the gums
  • Sensitivity to cold or hot substances
  • Tenderness or swelling
  • There may be no symptom
Reasons for root canal therapy:

The aim of performing root canal therapy is due to diseases that damage the pulp, infections, trauma experienced by the tooth. When cavities are not quickly treated, it may lead to further decay of the tooth structure and also to pulp damage. Trauma to the teeth like inflammation resulting from dental procedures or physical trauma can be treated with root canal therapy. In these conditions, if root canal therapy is not performed, it may lead to infection of the tooth, bone, surroundings of the tooth and in severe cases, the tooth may be extracted.

What does root canal therapy involve?

The procedure requires an individual to visit the dentist for one or more times. Visiting after the first session is determined by the dentist.This procedure can be carried out by a dentist or a root canal specialist.
The first thing the dentist does is prepare the patient for the procedure followed by the use of anesthesia to numb the tooth. After that’s done a sheet of rubber is placed around the tooth to create a dry environment for the dentist to work. The dentist then makes an opening on the tooth and places a series of root canal files. This will help remove the nerve tissue, pulp, and bacteria. Tooth decay will also be removed if present.
The dentist uses a special dental instrument in performing the root canal therapy procedure. After a thorough cleaning of the tooth, a permanent filling is thereby used to seal it. In the end, the dentists will determine if you have to make another appointment for a temporary filling to be used.
During your next visit to your dental clinic after about a week, the dentist will use special dental materials to fill the inside cavity of the tooth. He or she must also place a crown on the tooth since the teeth that were treated with root canal therapy need to have a crown. This process is done to prevent and protect the tooth from breaking.